Psychosomatics is the relationship of body diseases with psychological factors. Psychosomatic disorders are diseases or symptoms caused by a person's psychology: his attitudes, fears, reactions and unexpressed needs. A person cannot satisfy some of his needs because of his own limitations, which he is not aware of. Psychosomatic disorders are expressed in symptoms of physical pain or even illness that have no physiological cause. For example, the well-known vegetative-vascular dystonia - there is a problem, but no pathology is found.
HOW PSYCHOTHERAPY WORKS WITH PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS
Therapy for psychosomatic disorders
When psychosomatic disorders are tried to be cured not by psychotherapy, they eliminate only the symptoms in most cases. And the one takes painkillers for years instead of dealing with the cause. These drugs provide temporary relief, provide comfort, but delay the moment when you need to make perhaps one of the most important decisions in your life. The problem is not solved, but the symptoms intensify. The body signals become stronger and stronger that something is wrong, but the person simply doubles or triples the dose of painkillers.
The task of psychotherapy is to help the client to become aware of the action from which he goes into illness, to see the attitudes that prevent him from doing this action.
Psychotherapy makes it possible to perform this action safely, to live the feelings that have arisen in connection with this, to live the situation and gain experience in order to be free in the future. Psychotherapy for psychosomatic conditions is a complex and often a long process. Because being in contact with the therapist and feeling his support, a person can be able to perform actions, but doing the same without the support of the therapist is already scary, and the person is not enough decisive. Psychotherapy enables the client not to be afraid of responsibility for his decisions.
HOW TO PREVENT THE DISEASE
The causes of psychosomatic disorders
The cause of psychosomatic disorders is internal conflict. Everything that surrounds a person evokes a reaction in him and forms a need. And this is the hitch – there is a need, but a person cannot perform an action to satisfy it, something is hindering him from doing that. Previous experience or lack of experience and the fear of making a mistake can interfere, attitudes, people, or rather, their reaction interfere. And all this altogether. But the one is not able to go through these obstacles on his own. Moreover, he may not even be aware of his need, since psychological defence mechanisms are at work here. Mechanisms that aim not to let a person leave his comfort zone, continuing to live in a familiar way and in a familiar environment where everything and everyone maintains symptoms.
A good example is when a girl wants to make music, to become a singer or actress, but no one in her family supports her in this aspiration. The girl has no examples before her eyes, and when she shared her innermost dream with her mother, her mother laughed and said to put these nonsense out of her head. Such a girl grows up, gets married, and seems to forget her childhood dream, and everything is fine with her. But suddenly she is faced with the impossibility of getting pregnant and having children. And the whole family runs with her to the doctors, who shrug their shoulders, not finding a reason. In such a way the body gives signals that she needs first to realize herself, and only then to bring new life into the world. And until she goes to psychotherapy and does work out a situation that stretches from her childhood and has not yet been resolved, attempts to get pregnant will be in vain.
Psychosomatic reactions give also unspoken feelings – both negative, for example, anger, and tenderness and warmth, which were not accepted in the family while they were expressed. These feelings “settle” in the body. By the way, weight problems are often psychosomatic in nature.
Psychosomatics as the way to hide from reality
Because of the fear of real life, a person runs away into illness. The sick person gets more attention, he has more privileges, less demands on him. The symptom creates certain inconveniences, but it is already habitual. What happens if you eliminate the psychological cause, not the symptom? The one will have to act! Going with the flow will become impossible and decisions will have to be made. Is a person ready for this? To live differently from how he lived before, to express feelings, to express himself in the world, to face criticism, to make mistakes, to follow a new unknown path. This is mostly unsafe. And the symptoms of psychosomatics protect precisely from these experiences and from feelings of guilt caused by inaction.